Ice hockey originated in Canada from the early 19th century, according to several comparable sports played in Europe, although the term”hockey” comes from the old French word”hocquet”, meaning”stick”. Around 1860, a puck was substituted for a ball, and in 1879 two McGill University students, Robertson and Smith, devised the very first rules.
The first recognised group, the McGill University Hockey Club, was formed in 1880 as hockey became the Canadian national sport and disperse around the country. In 1892 the Governor General of Canada given the Stanley Cup, which was initially won by a team representing the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association.
The sport migrated south to the United States during the 1890s, and matches are known to have happened there between Johns Hopkins and Yale Universities in 1895. Ice hockey spread to Europe around the turn of the century, and also the very first Olympic Games to include ice hockey for guys were the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games.
Men’s ice hockey has been since 1924 in Chamonix around the programme of every edition of the Winter Games. Women’s ice hockey was accepted as an Olympic sport in 1992, and made its official debut in 1998 at Nagano.
Unsurprisingly, Canada dominated the championships. Nevertheless, in 1956, and until its dissolution, the Soviet Union took over and became the number one group. USA successes in 1960 interrupted only it in 1980 and in Squaw Valley at Lake Placid.

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